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by Ítalo Paoli andJoão Vinícios Wirbitzki da Silveira

Mining 2023, 3(2), 221-229; 

The mineral sector has great economic importance for Brazil. According to the Annual Activity Report of IBRAM (Brazilian Mining Institute, Brasília, Brazil), in 2019, it directly represented approximately 4% of the national GDP (Gross Domestic Product), in addition to the indirect impact, since the sector is the most important source of raw material for national industry, which represents 16.8% of GDP. In addition, according to the report, iron ore accounted for 68% of mineral goods exported in 2019 [1].