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How do you power a steam train at Pickering without UK coal?

The search is on to find a more reliable source of fuel for the North Yorkshire Moors Railway.

Like most heritage lines it needs coal to power the steam trains.

Thirsk and Malton’s MP, Kevin Hollinrake, says he is working with ministers to plan ahead for when UK production ceases as a consequence of the coming ban on coal in homes and power stations.

NYMR General Manager Chris Price explains that Imported coal is more expensive and could cost them an extra £900k per year.

He also argues that transporting the fuel to the UK is hardly environmentally friendly.

Kevin Hollinrake said

“The North Yorkshire Moors Railway is a hugely popular tourist attraction, starting in Pickering and making its way to Whitby though the most stunning of scenery.

It is estimated that it generates £40 million indirectly into the local economy and is part of a tourist industry which employs 4,000 people and 22,000 volunteers.

We certainly do not want to lose it but I am very concerned that heritage rail will not be able to guarantee an affordable supply of fuel in the years ahead before environmentally friendly alternatives have been properly developed and produced at scale.”


The MP says he has met with Defra minister Rebecca Pow MP, Tourism minister Nigel Huddleston MP, All-Party Parliamentary Group on Heritage Rail Chair Rt Hon Liz Saville Roberts MP together with representatives from the Heritage Rail Association (HRA) and the NYMR in Parliament to discuss the uneconomical reality of relying on imported coal in the short term if domestic production ends.


Coal NYMR Hollinrake Meeting


Imported coal is more expensive and could cost NYMR alone an extra £900k per annum which would place a huge financial burden on the railway and would be unsustainable for smaller heritage lines.

Heritage rail companies such as NYMR recognise concerns over coal pollution and are already working with other agencies such as the Northern Forest Initiative on Carbon Capture projects, and some railways are looking at innovative research and development schemes to power historic trains in the future.

The industry wants to move away from fossil fuels into bio-coal or a hydrogen powered solution. However, these alternatives cannot yet power the trains to sufficient speeds and are too expensive to be a viable option at the moment.

The MPs considered a proposal to provide support with the initial cost of importing coal, which is expected to be about £2-3 million, to establish necessary power supply lines to import bituminous (lumped) coal.

The Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government is also considering planning permissions to extend the life of or to create new coal mines allowing the UK to produce its own coal specifically for heritage railways as well as for heavy industries (steel and cement) rather than importing from Russia and therefore avoiding the environmental impact that this would entail.

Steve Oates, Chief Executive of the Heritage Railway Association, said he was very encouraged

“Having stressed the economic, PR and social value of heritage railways to the UK’s visitor economy and to numerous local rural economies it is reassuring to know that the Government has no desire to see the end of heritage steam.

Kevin Hollinrake said he will take this up with BEIS and Local Government ministers but he remains open to new ideas that can help heritage rail flourish in the years ahead whilst they continue working on developing environmentally friendly alternatives.