We’ve learnt from Niger Delta scenario how to improve mining sector, says FG
Friday, September 25th, 2020
Hopeful of Ajaokuta steel firm becoming operational by 2023
To avert the Niger Delta scenario in the mining sector where oil production threw up environmental crisis and community agitation, the Federal Government is formulating a number of downstream policies to address sustainability concerns, especially as exploitation of solid minerals intensifies.According to the Minister of Mines and Steel Development, Olamilekan Adegbite, some of the reforms require consent before communal exploitation of resources.
Besides, he expressed optimism about the Ajaokuta Steel Company coming on stream by 2023.
Speaking during a visit to the corporate headquarters of The Guardian in Lagos, yesterday, Adegbite said the Niger Delta region provides a learning curve for mining of solid minerals, necessitating the introduction of certain reforms that engender community relations and environmental protection before issuance of licences.Some of the improvements involve investors obtaining permission of owners on whose property minerals are discovered in addition to reaching an agreement with the community on corporate social responsibility, benefits and compensation.
The minister said the Ministry of Environment was involved to ensure enforcement of remediation of affected host communities, adding that at the end of mining, there must be plans for land reclamation.
His words: “We have learnt a lot of lessons from the mistakes of Niger Delta. There is something called consent in mining; if you don’t have the consent of the host communities, you cannot mine. That is to say the people are important, it is now left for you to negotiate with them and convince them.
“There is what is called community agreement which must also be obtained. This is a graduated system of benefits to the people. If you are starting out, you will be compelled to develop the community. And as you (miners) begin to prosper, the community must also prosper.
“The first thing to do is to get the consent of the people, after which you can get your licence. You must agree with the people on what you are going to do for them.
“However, we moderate the expectations of the people as well, because somebody who is just starting out can not really spend a lot of money. But as soon as he starts making money, the community must also prosper. There must be plans for grading of roads, community halls, building of schools, scholarship benefits and even cash gifts on a yearly basis. These are some of the things that are in the community agreement”.
Community is being carried along, unlike in the Delta, that was the mistake.”
On the Ajaokuta project, Adegbite explained that the global travel restriction occasioned by the COVID-19 pandemic was preventing the Russian experts from arriving the country for an audit of the steel plant.
He said the exercise would be carried out soon as flights resume.
“I am hopeful that Ajaokuta will come on stream before the end of President (Muhammadu) Buhari’s tenure and when that happens, it is poised to create thousands of jobs,” the minister said.
Adegbite added that the country was on its way to becoming a major gold producing hub in the West Africa sub-region in line with its quest to diversify the country’s revenue base and create jobs for the teeming youths.